Earth suffered the “Year Without Summer” after a deadly volcano eruption killed thousands and triggered damaging ramifications across the planet. Around 70,000 people are thought to have been killed after Mount Tambora in Indonesia erupted in April, 1815.
Writing in ‘What Does Rain Smell Like?’ Meteorologists Simon King and Clare Nasir discussed computer models of how the climate could be impacted by nuclear warfare.
In explaining the validity behind computer models of the impacts to the climate, the pair revealed how the “most devastating” volcano eruption in recorded history, at the time of the eruption, had a massive impact on the planet.
The weather forecasters outlined how scientists have been recording volcano eruptions for centuries, before explaining the “Year Without Summer”.
They said: “While estimates vary, the death toll was said to be around 70,000.
An eruption in 1815 trigger the ‘Year Without Summer’
Aerial view of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano showing a plume of smoke on November 29, 2018 in Colombia
“With a huge amount of ash being pumped into the atmosphere and transported around Earth, it had a significant impact on the climate.
“By the following year, the global temperature had dropped by 0.4C-0.7C and while that doesn’t sound like a lot, it had an enormous impact and was known as the Year Without Summer.”
The pair explain how the massive eruption caused an “agricultural disaster” that triggered “major food shortages across the Northern Hemisphere”.
The book also outlines why the natural disaster had such a detrimental impact on the climate, and how similar conditions could be created by a nuclear war.
Most dangerous volcano eruptions in the world
They write: “While the Year Without Summer was the result of a natural disaster, the basic principle of a large amount of smoke, ash and sulphur dioxide being released into the atmosphere blocking out the sunlight and reducing the local temperatures is the same principle that is applied to a nuclear winter”.
The reference to the deadly volcano eruption came as the authors discussed the India-Pakistan model, as scientists in the 1980’s looked at the consequences on the planet if a nuclear war was to break out between the countries.
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Anak Krakatau (Child of Krakatoa) volcano during an eruption on July 19, 2018
It had a significant impact on the climate
The eruption is widely thought to have been the loudest sound as the explosions triggered giant tsunamis, killing more than 30,000 people.
Indonesia is situated on the so-called ‘Ring of Fire’, an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
Also among some of the biggest volcano eruptions is Pelee, on the French island of Martinique, which erupted in 1902. Ruiz in Columbia, which erupted in 1985, killing more than 25,000 people. And, Unzen in Japan in 1792, which is believed to have triggered a landslide and tsunami.
In ‘What Does Rain Smell Like?’, Simon King and Clare Nasir discuss a range of critical questions about the weather.
Ms Nasir and Mr King attempt to battle myths around the weather while also giving a detailed look into climate change on the planet, as well as climate modification.
The book also discusses how countries around the world are trying to influence the weather in the future, whether it be by “cloud seeding” – with experiments taking place to make a particular area dry for a period, by increasing rainfall elsewhere.
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Unpicked are weather phenomena, including cloud formation, the theory behind rainbows, and why certain parts of the world experience extreme weather depending on the time of the year.
The so-called Beast from the East, which brought heavy snowfall to the UK at the beginning of 2018 is explored as the meteorologists explain exactly why Britain was pummelled by the bitterly-cold conditions, with a detailed look at whether the weather events are more likely to occur in the future.
What Does Rain Smell Like by Simon King and Clare Nasir out now RRP £12.99 (Bonnier Books UK)