Type 2 diabetes is a condition that affects the body’s control of blood sugar in the blood. The body doesn’t respond to insulin properly, and may not produce enough, causing blood sugar levels to become too high. If type 2 diabetes is left untreated, complications such as kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease and stroke can occur. Eating a poor diet can increase a person’s risk of developing the condition, so making changes to the foods people eat can help prevent and control high blood sugar levels.
Fenugreek is a herb similar to clover and is available in seeds or powder form.
The seeds contain fibres that help slow down the digestion of carbohydrates and sugar, avoiding blood sugar spikes.
A three-year investigation published in 2015 noted people with prediabetes were less likely to receive a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes while taking powdered fenugreek seed.
The study involved 66 people with diabetes who took 5g twice a day before meals. A further 74 participants didn’t take it before meals.
Researchers concluded taking fenugreek led to increased levels of insulin in the body, leading to a reduction in blood sugar.
Ginger is often used to treat digestive and inflammatory issues, but studies have also demonstrated its effectiveness at helping diabetes.
The results of a 2015 review showed ginger lowered blood sugar levels.
Ginger can be taken in its natural form – usually chopped and used in cooking.
It can also be brewed in tea or taken as a supplement in capsule form.
Alongside eating a healthy diet, the NHS recommends being active to lower blood sugar levels.
It states: “Physical exercise helps lower your blood sugar level. You should aim for 2.5 hours of activity a week.
“You can be active anywhere as long as what you’re doing gets you out of breath.”