In May, US Congress awarded NASA $125million (£102million) for research into the possibilities. The phenomenon if realised would result spacecraft being powered by nuclear explosions to generate thrust. As reported by Space.com, Mr Bridenstine explained: “That is absolutely a game-changer for what NASA is trying to achieve.
“That gives us an opportunity to really protect life, when we talk about the radiation dose when we travel between Earth and Mars.”
The trip between the two planets could be much quicker than previously anticipated.
NASA did not request an increased budget from the government to fund the project but Mr Bridenstine has told US Vice-President Mike Pence that the project has “amazing potential”.
The agency is already aiming to return to the Moon by 2024.
Thus, they may put the first woman on the Moon in human history.
All previous astronauts to reach our home’s satellite have been male Americans.
Should Donald Trump secure re-election the mission will come at the end of his second and thus final term.
Mr Pence announced an extended timeline to the project which was not expected to be launched until 2028.
Trump however, appeared not to be a fan of the project.
He tweeted: “For all of the money we are spending, NASA should NOT be talking about going to the Moon – We did that 50 years ago. They should be focused on the much bigger things we are doing, including Mars (of which the Moon is a part), Defense and Science!”
The claim that the Moon was part of Mars was incorrect, due the Moon orbiting Earth.
Mars does, though, have two moons: Phobos and Deimos.