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Frontline staff battling coronavirus in government-held areas of Syria are dying in growing numbers for want of personal protective equipment, according to Human Rights Watch.

The humanitarian organisation reported multiple deaths of doctors in August from Covid-19-related symptoms, many of which did not appear in government figures because no test was carried out.

“It is bewildering that as the obituaries for doctors and nurses responding to the Covid-19 pandemic pile up, official numbers tell a story at odds with the reality on the ground,” said HRW researcher Sara Kayyali.

Syria has recorded 2,830 cases, including 116 deaths, in government-held areas, but the health ministry has acknowledged it lacks the “capacity … to carry out widespread testing in the provinces”.

26 July, 2020

A Syrian doctor, on her own initiative, instructs children how to properly wear a mask during the novel coronavirus pandemic crisis, in the displacement camp of Janid near the town of Dana, east of the Turkish-Syrian border in the northwestern Idlib province. Photograph: Ibrahim Yasouf/AFP/Getty Images

HRW said evidence suggested the official figures significantly understate the scale of the outbreak.

It said it had confirmed the deaths of 33 doctors from Covid-19-related symptoms in August, while official figures recorded 64 confirmed deaths among the whole population.

“Doctors and nurses operating in government-held areas said that there are severe shortages of supplies, particularly in rural areas,” the New York-based watchdog said.

Personal protective equipment provided by the World Health Organization did not appear to be reaching medical staff in sufficient quantities.

Health workers told HRW that hospitals equipped to treat Covid-19 patients were now all full and smaller centres lacked the ventilators and oxygen to do so.

Several sources told AFP last month that deaths among medical personnel in government-held areas had shot up in previous weeks.

A doctor, who asked to remain anonymous, said most of the dead had not been tested for the virus but had presented symptoms before dying.

Nine years of civil war have battered Syria’s healthcare system, with hospitals damaged by bombing, vital equipment lacking and doctors wounded or forced to flee fighting.

The government controls most of the country but the north-west remains in rebel hands while the northeast is controlled by US-backed Kurdish forces.


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